Artists and abstract expressionists
In addition to jazz, electric guitar and television, Abstract Expressionism has a special role in the catalogue of iconic American artistic innovations. Many modern artists still explore their trends and practises, but this particular approach was characterised by the first wave of abstract expressionist painters.
Still now, over half a century after, there is discord over who belongs precisely to the first generation. Beside those we usually write of, other artists have employed at the time in the same field of concepts and techniques, but were never recognised or historically ignored. Although no name list is ever sufficient, our choices of Abstract Expressionist artists of the first century are:
Abstract expressionism artwork
Abstract Expressionism, a broad American painting movement that started in the late 1940s and during the 1950s became a prevalent theme in Western painting. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline and Mark Rothko were the prominent American Abstract Expressionist painters.
The others include Joan Mitchel, Clyfford Still, Philip Guston, Barnett Newman, Robert Motherwell, Lee Krasner, Bradley Walker Tomlin, Ad Reinhardt, William Baziotes, Elaine de Kooning, Richard Pousette-Dart, and Jack Tworkov. In New York City, the most of these artists worked, lived or performed.
Some general techniques can be differentiated despite the diversity of the Abstract Expressionist movement. One, action painting, has a loose, swift, dynamic or forceful handling of paint with sweeping or cutting brushstrokes, as well as with methods that are partly randomised, such as dropping or disseminating paint onto the canvas.
Pollock first used action art, dripping commercial paintings on raw canvas to create intricate and intertwined painted skeletons in an astonishing and provocative linear pattern.
To create richly coloured pictures, De Kooning used very vigorous and expressive brushstrokes. In order to produce majestic shapes, Kline used solid, gloomy black strokes on the white canvas.